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Human courtship and Dance

Finding a mate (partner) is most crucial part of life. It has to do with not only with reproductive success but also emotional support, overall stability and social harmony. It consumes lot of energy - time and also preoccupies mind. Despite of diversity in qualities, we manage to complement with each other since perfect mate is entirely mythical. Creating a strong rapport with partner and retaining it is a challenge itself.

Search for suitable mate has brought surprising turns and changes in us since millions of years and they would continue to happen. Each gender has kept itself adjusting or modifying to become more and more suitable for opposite gender according to varying geographical and climatic conditions as well as socio-economical norms and demands.

In any kind of relationship, both genders have to surrender themselves to each other at some extent. Both have to spare & invest time, share space & resources, and engage physically & psychologically.

Birds in courtship
Each gender has put constant pressure of desirability on another (Sexual or Mate Selection - Charles Darwin's alternative theory of Evolution). Due to the same, males have principally evolved with qualities like analyzing, planning, searching, hunting, protecting, crafting, and competing whereas females have evolved with qualities like inhabiting, care taking, nurturing, preserving, socializing, co-operating and communicating that directly complements with males.

Human race is more socially and environmentally adaptive. Compared to other species of animals, we employ distinct searching and selecting strategies with fundamental criterion we share with other creatures. Generally, men search for physical beauty and charm in women whereas women seek social status and economical stability in men.

Additionally, both genders seek health, fitness, and favorable mindset in each other. Even in modern world, we hardly could hold back ourselves from finding same qualities in potential partner since they have helped us survive since millions of years.
Couple in Courtship from Papua New Guinea

While courting or soliciting member of opposite gender, each of us tries to highlight and flaunt same qualities and draws an attention towards them. Like studying other categories of nonverbal behavior, expressions, and displays; different patterns through which male and female bond together are really fascinating and interesting.

Unlike other nonverbal displays and expressions; human courtship is very dramatic, poetic, colorful, and sparkling because it holds some definite promises for both - persons involving in each other. Studying courtship behavior is really interesting but most wonderful aspect is that we behave somewhat similarly the way others creatures do during courtship.

Social psychologists and observers analyze biological, physical, and psychological displays and expressions of both male and female and try to decode an unconscious and evolutionary proven goal behind each distinct nonverbal clue.

However, courtship, flirtation, and seduction are three different social domains in which a male or female tries to attract each other into a relationship depending of its duration, kind of engagement, individual preferences, and social constraints.

In courtship, which is quite an elaborate and long running, both male and female have different strategies to attract, bond with, and retain a partner. Courtship is the process which lasts even after establishment of firm bond between the two partners e.g. post-marital display of affiliation and bonding.

Man tries to exhibit his physical capabilities, protectiveness, socio-economical status, intelligence, achievements, confidence, courage, and goals whereas a woman tries to exhibit her youth, beauty, gentleness, exuberance, preserving skills, and caring - nurturing abilities. Generally during initial stages of courtship, man takes straightforward advances and risks whereas women remain reserved, indicative, and investigating. However, same strategies can also be reversed and/or shared by both men and women.

If both parties arrive at the level of fondness and agreement after some interactions, they engage themselves in synchrony and solitude. Nonverbal communication plays a crucial role in deciding the course and direction while formation of romantic relationship between two individuals of any age.

In human world, dancing has been ritualized and standardized as way to celebrate joy, express devotion and get together. Basically, dancing evolved as a way to demonstrate physical fitness, mental abilities and ultimately - the fertile potentials. Each footstep, bend, spin, tug, tap, toss, gesture and body movement convey different meaning as an art form.

Achieving co-ordination among each dancing element requires a lot of energy, adaptability, elasticity, balance, muscular control and spatial (height, width, length, and breadth) intelligence. They directly correlate with physical fitness, endurance and brain’s motor control (movement and synchronization) capabilities. Certain set of movements in dance are provocative and most flirtatious.
Ability to dance well could be a mate selection criteria.
Both men and women have inherited ability of dancing but sometimes training is also required. Elder men and women teaching dance to young members is an integral part of tribal life. In animal world, both male and female starts dancing and singing during breeding season to attract partners.

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